A temperature gauge is a device used to indicate the temperature of an item being monitored. The display can be an analogue dial, an analogue range or a digital readout. Common methods of measuring temperature include bimetallic strip (the bending of which increases with temperature) and the thermocouple which produces an electronic voltage that depends on the temperature.
Temperature gauges measure the thermal state of a homogeneous substance. The measuring system must be brought as closely together as possible with the body to be measured. The most widely used measuring methods rely on temperature-dependent physical and material characteristics.
How a temperature gauge works
A temperature gauge is just a read from a sensor called a thermistor attached to the engine block. The thermistor works like a resistor in an electric circuit, only the thermistor’s resistance changes as temperature changes.
Types of temperature gauge
Bimetal temperature gauge
Bimetal temperature gauges operate with a measuring system in the form of a helical or spiral tube. The measuring system consists of two sheets with different expansion coefficients, which are inseparably joined. The mechanical deformation of the bimetal strips into the tube shapes mentioned above results in a rotational movement, caused by temperature changes. If one end of the bimetal measuring system is firmly clamped, the other end will rotate the pointer shaft. Bimetal temperature gauges are available with a scale range of -70 … +600 °C in accuracy classes 1 and 2 in accordance with EN 13190.
Expansion temperature gauge
An expansion temperature gauge consists of a temperature sensor, a capillary and a Bourdon tube. The measuring system itself is filled with a liquid. If the temperature changes, the internal pressure of the thermometer will change as well. The pressure is transferred via a tube to a pointer shaft and thus the temperature value is indicated on the scale. Using capillaries from 500 to 10,000 mm long, measurements can also be taken from remote measuring points. The scale ranges for expansion temperature gauges lie between -40 … +400 ° C with class 1 and 2 accuracies in accordance with EN 13190.
Gas-actuated temperature gauge
With a gas-actuated temperature gauge the stem, the capillary and the Bourdon tube are joined together into one unit. The instrument is filled with inert gas. If the temperature changes, the internal pressure will also change. The pointer is moved by the action of the pressure via a measuring tube. To compensate for the ambient temperature, a bimetal element is mounted between the movement and the measuring tube. Gas-actuated temperature gauges are available with scale ranges between -200 … +700 °C in accuracy class 1.
Machine glass temperature gauge
These temperature gauges are suitable for the monitoring of temperatures in gases, vapours and liquids in vessels and pipelines. The thermometer is housed in a case with a cutout for the scale display. Machine glass thermometers are often used with a V-shaped case.
The temperature gauge is used in cars and it provides an early warning of overheating, allowing you to stop the car before any damage occurs. In very cold weather, the gauge can also tell you if the engine is being overcooled (which will increase fuel consumption and engine wear). You can then take preventative means, such as blocking off part of the radiator or changing the thermostat.
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